DHA Case No. MDV 183502 (Wis. Div. of Hearings and Appeals December 6, 2017) (DHS) ↓ Download PDF

Adivestment occurs upon the transfer of a non-exempt resource for less than fair market value. In this simple case, the petitioner sold the home in which she had a life estate and paid a prorated portion of the 6% realtor fee. The agency considered this payment a divestment. ALJ John Tedesco concluded there was no divestment: “There is no evidence that the sum paid to the realtor exceeded the fair market value of the services the realtor provided. There is simply no merit to the agency’s determination based on the record in this matter.”

Have comments, corrections, or feedback? A fair hearing decision that should be published?
✉️ Email feedback.

Get email summaries of new decisions:

Preliminary Recitals

Pursuant to a petition filed on September 13, 2017, under Wis. Stat. § 49.45(5), and Wis. Admin. Code § HA 3.03(1), to review a decision by the Wood County Human Services – WI Rapids regarding Medical Assistance (MA), a hearing was held on October 17, 2017, by telephone.

The issue for determination is whether the agency met its burden to establish that it correctly determined petitioner’s share of real estate fees paid to a realtor as a divestment justifying a 6-day penalty period.

There appeared at that time the following persons:



Petitioner’s Representative:

Department of Health Services
1 West Wilson Street, Room 651
Madison, WI 53703
By: —
Wood County Human Services – WI Rapids
220 Third Avenue South
Suite 4
Wisconsin Rapids, WI 54495

John P. Tedesco
Division of Hearings and Appeals

Findings of Fact

  1. Petitioner (CARES # —) is a resident of Florence County.
  2. Petitioner was on LTC-MA. She owned a life estate in her residential home.
  3. Petitioner decided to list her home for sale and entered into a listing contract with a realtor on 1/30/17 which provided for a 6% fee to the realtor.
  4. A 6% fee to a realtor is fair market value and a standard term of such a contract.
  5. The home was sold and petitioner paid a prorated share of the realtor fee based on her limited life estate interest in the property. The fee calculated was the appropriate proportion.
  6. The agency determined that the fee paid by petitioner was a divestment of $1,831.19.
  7. Petitioner appealed.


A person cannot receive institutional medical assistance if her assets exceed $2,000. See Wis. Stat. §§ 49.46(1) and 49.47(4). Generally, a person cannot reach this limit by divesting assets, which occurs if she or someone acting on her behalf “disposes of resources at less than fair market value” within five years or later of when she was institutionalized and applied for medical assistance. Wis. Admin. Code, § DHS 103.065(4)(a); Wis. Stat. § 49.453(1)(f).

If the person improperly divests her assets, she is ineligible for institutional medical assistance for the number of months obtained by dividing the amount given away by the statewide average monthly cost to a private-pay patient in a nursing home at the time she applied. Wis. Adm. Code, § DHS 103.065(5)(b).

The facts are not in dispute. Within the look-back period, petitioner sold her life-state interest in real property. Petitioner paid the proportional share of the 6 percent real estate fees paid to the realtor who listed the property and handled the sale. The agency determined that the payment of the fees was a divestment. I have never heard of such a determination and the agency representative was unable to direct me to any law or rule that supports such a finding. There is no evidence that the sum paid to the realtor exceeded the fair market value of the services the realtor provided. There is simply no merit to the agency’s determination based on the record in this matter.

Conclusions of Law

The agency erred in its determination of a divestment based on fees paid to a realtor in the sale of petitioner’s property.



That this matter is remanded to the agency with instruction to reverse the determination of the divestment of $1,831.19 paid in realtor fees, as well as the related divestment penalty. This action must be completed within 10 days of this decision.

[Request for a rehearing and appeal to court instructions omitted.]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *